Reverend Stephen Caine
20: 27Some Sadducees, those who say there is no resurrection, came to him 28 and asked him a question, “Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man’s brother dies, leaving a wife but no children, the man shall marry the widow and raise up children for his brother. 29 Now there were seven brothers; the first married, and died childless; 30 then the second 31and the third married her, and so in the same way all seven died childless. 32 Finally the woman also died. 33 In the resurrection, therefore, whose wife will the woman be? For the seven had married her.” 34 Jesus said to them, “Those who belong to this age marry and are given in marriage; 35 but those who are considered worthy of a place in that age and in the resurrection from the dead neither marry nor are given in marriage. 36 Indeed they cannot die anymore, because they are like angels and are children of God, being children of the resurrection. 37And the fact that the dead are raised Moses himself showed, in the story about the bush, where he speaks of the Lord as the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. 38 Now he is God not of the dead, but of the living; for to him all of them are alive.” (Luke 20:27-38, NRSV)
Let us pray: God of faithful surprises, throughout the ages you have made known your love and power in unexpected ways and places. May we daily perceive the joy and wonder of your abiding presence and offer our lives in gratitude. For it is in Jesus Name we pray. Amen.
As a father, I have fielded countless questions from my children; why is the sky blue? Why is the ocean water salty? Why are their fifty states? Children ask wonderful questions. I have been asked those types of questions and have often been frustrated when I could not answer them. Thank goodness for Google— where I can search for anything and any question.
As young people we are asked – What do you want to be when you grow up? Where do you want to go to college? What do you want to study? Where do you want to live?
Google won’t help answer these questions.
As a Pastor, I have heard many questions from parishioners; especially youth. For example, Can God create a rock too heavy for God to move? Then really tough ones – Why did God allow that to happen? How can I survive this grief? Will God see me through this chemotherapy?
Ah the questions…
You have questions about me, who is this guy? What does he believe? Will he be there for me when I need him? Will he like me? Will I like him? Can he play golf? Will he be a good fit for our church?
I also have questions for you? How does this whole Episcopal Presbyterian marriage work? Will you love my family and help them get assimilated? Will you laugh at my humor? Will you have grits and sweet tea when we share a meal?
Ah the questions…
The Sadducees had questions for Jesus.
Jesus was on the way to Jerusalem and ultimately the cross, when the Sadducees asked him a number of questions. The Sadducees weren’t really looking for answers. They are looking for a fight. Their questions were a game of “Gotcha.” They asked Jesus about a hypothetical widow of a man with seven brothers. When he dies she marries a brother. When he dies she marries another brother and on and on. The clincher of their game was whose wife will she be in the heaven?
The Sadducees did not believe in the resurrection because it is not talked about in the Pentateuch, (the first five books of the bible, the “Books of Moses”). The Sadducees question also play on the levirate marriage law from Deuteronomy 25. That law sought to insure the preservation of the man’s family name by stipulating that a childless widow must marry her brother-in-law.
So, their hypothetical question is meant to take an ancient practice to the extreme in order to show the whole idea of resurrection was foolish. Their purpose was to embarrass Jesus and to trap him by saying something heretical.
Jesus reflects for a moment before he answers. Then he says to the Sadducees, God is God of the living, not the dead. Jesus is basically saying “Our concern should be with the living.”
Questions are important; I believe they can be more important than the answers. It is interesting to me that as a pastor I am supposed to have the answer(s) but I find that what I really do is help people ask questions. There is a funny story about a child in a children’s sermon. The pastor is describing a small furry animal that climbs trees and stores nuts. The child says, “it sounds like you are describing a squirrel but I know that the answer has to be Jesus!” In questions of faith we often think that the answer is Jesus even it doesn’t fit our questions. The questions of our lives. Can I trust God? Can God heal my illness? Can God fix my broken relationship? Can God bring peace to the earth?
The questions we ask tell a great deal about us. Jesus knew the Sadducees weren’t really looking for an answer.
It’s clear in the gospels that Jesus wants us to love God and to love our neighbor as we love ourselves. It is clear that Jesus believes that the Sadducees, the overseers of the Law spend too much time on the minutia of the Law instead of the two basic commandments: Love God and love your neighbor as you love yourself. Who cares who will be married to whom in heaven — it is about living — loving God and loving neighbor.
Jesus seems to like questions because he responded to questions throughout the Bible. Jesus stops and he listens.
- Remember Jairus when he fell at Jesus feet and asked Can you heal my daughter child?
- Remember the Leper who asked Jesus, “Lord, if you choose, you can make me clean.”
- I have a demon that torments me and I can find no rest. Can you help me?
- No one will come near me–because they say I am unclean. Do you love someone like me?
When people ask these questions to Jesus, the answer he gives is not a slogan or a sound bite. The answer he gives is himself, he gives his life.
When the Sadducees or the Pharisees ask Jesus their trick questions, they usually get parables: stories that will puzzle their minds and invite them to look at the world in a new way. But when women and men bring Jesus their deepest yearnings, he doesn’t talk to them; he engages them. When genuine people come to him with genuine questions, he often doesn’t say anything, but he touches, he encounters, he relates. He invites people to journey with him on the Way.
The root of the word “question” means “to seek.” It’s where we get the word “quest.” To ask a real question is to enter on a journey; it’s to begin traveling on The Way. Jesus seems exasperated with the Sadducees because they just want to play games. They aren’t right or wrong; they are just wasting their life.
Ultimately Jesus doesn’t answer their questions: because there is no answer. Resurrection is not something we can define in human terms or apply human laws too.
But what Jesus does is…
What Jesus does is invite us on a journey with him, to see what life with him is like, to see how resurrection hope changes how they live. Jesus invites us on that same journey with him. I imagine that we will still have many questions. And that is a good thing because it means we are alive. It means we are invested in this journey of faith.
I am so excited and look forward to the next step in the journey in my life and faith. It is a journey with you and the Indian Hill Church. I look forward to listening to your questions and asking many of my own. I look forward to discerning / seeing how God leads. So may we keep seeking, keep searching, continue on this quest together to live into who God created us to be as a community of faith.
Let us pray: Ever giving and ever generous God pour out your Holy Spirit upon us so that we might follow you. In the Name of Jesus, your Son and our Savior we pray. Amen.